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### Author Topic: Backlash problem, possible solution?  (Read 2747 times)

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#### Marmot_Militia

• 9
##### Backlash problem, possible solution?
« on: March 03, 2008, 04:48:58 PM »
CNCers,

I'm having trouble getting my backlash compensation set correctly.  I've used the dial indicator technique to do the x and y axis but this doesn't give me the info I need; I'm still off.  Running a square and checking all four corners is tough with two dial indicators as the spindle is round and they get knocked out of the way as the cycle progresses.

What I'd like to do is put a fine grid on the table and use my spindle-cam to read where I'm at after a move in the x and y direction.

Does anyone know where to find an accurate indexing grid that won't break the bank?  I've seen the ones from Edmonds but they are \$250+.

I wonder if a plotter would print the grid accurately enough?

Any thoughts or ideas would be greatly appreciated.

Regards,
MM

« Last Edit: March 03, 2008, 04:52:23 PM by Marmot_Militia »

#### jimpinder

• 1,232
• Wakefield, West Yorks, UK
##### Re: Backlash problem, possible solution?
« Reply #1 on: March 04, 2008, 04:31:56 AM »
You seem to be making heavy weather of this.

Why are you trying to do both axis at once !!

Backlash is a simple problem - put your cross slide, or carriage in it's most used position. and zero all DRO's.
Ensure backlash compensation is turned OFF
Type in G0 X1. Fix your measuring instrument to measure the position of the carriage and zero it. I use digital calipers. Type in G0 X2 and check the carriage has moved 1 inch - it should have if your pulses per unit are correct. Type in G0 X1 - move the carriage back one inch and check the readout.  It should be 0, but will not be - this is the amount of backlash.

Repeat for the other axis.

You can, if you want, do this several times and take an average.

Enter the backlash figure in the table and turn on backlash compensation. Run the test again, and the carriage should return back to zero.If it does not - and say you get a reading of 2 thou - you can add this figure to the backlash compensation, until you find zero.

YOU MUST MOVE THE TABLE TO THE LEFT and then move it right before setting your zero position after each run (to eliminate backlash)
If you are using millimeters then chose a convenient number of milimeters, say 30  - remember, however - the back lash will still read directly, you do not need to divide by 30.

Backlash has nothing to do with the distance the table is travelling. It is only the movement (or NON-movement) of the table, whilst the gears, leadscrew and ball nut settle to the job of pulling the other way.

If you are having trouble because your table is not moving the correct distance, this is all to do with pulses per unit - not backlash.
In measuring distance, you must ensure your table always moves the same way - i.e. to the right - stop - to the right again - stop - measure - until you get pulses per unit and backlash correctly set.

You do not need to move the table great distances to set backlash and pulses per unit. If they move accurately over one inch or, say, 25 mm then they will be accurate over the travel of the table (although this does not rule out the possibility of some other minor fault causing you to loose steps)

« Last Edit: March 04, 2008, 04:36:51 AM by jimpinder »
Not me driving the engine - I'm better looking.

#### Marmot_Militia

• 9
##### Re: Backlash problem, possible solution?
« Reply #2 on: March 04, 2008, 10:49:09 AM »
Thanks Jimpinder,&#10;I was able to get repeatable movements back and forth on the x and y axis using a g-code move.  I guess using the jog to go .001 is not a good idea.&#10;&#10;Regards,&#10;MM