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Messages - BR549

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811
Help is available, just ask. There are many ways to do it. The LPT push button version is VERY dependable. A brain for that is super simple. IF you install the LPT card set it up in Mach3 for INPUTS then you can add as many push buttons as you have input pins on the port. Then if you want to change its function one day just reconfig the brain. It is just a simple select the function process to change the brain.

Gerry's idea works also just a bit differently.

(;-) TP

812
Sure, it will work just fine. You need teh 2nd lpt port then a SIMPLE bob just to bring the pins out so you can hook to them.

Then create a simple macropump OR brain to watch the pins.  The script will then do the function you set up anytime you press the button.

OR you could simply map those functions to an FKEY such as F12 then when you press F12 it happens. IF you are out of Fkeys then do an ALT/F12 or Cntrl/F12

(;-) TP

813
General Mach Discussion / Re: Control input methods...
« on: August 17, 2015, 03:00:22 PM »
Look at it like this. IF  I were talking to you in person I would NOT say  Capital H   otkey. I would say HOTKEY if I wanted to emphasis the work hotkey.

If you start using the programmers way of just using the First Letter of Each Word then people would THINK you were a programmer.  I do not want to be mistaken for one of THOSE dudes. (;-)

That is a joke by the way, (;-) TP

814
This was written long ago by the person who WROTE MACH3

Hi Guys:

This proceedure is not in the Doc's, the reason being its likely to change at some point. What I really
woudl liek to know i show linear YOUR system is using this as the speed setting for it. The setitngs are
highly misunderstood, and many run a linearity run when it isnt necessary, and it badly affects their results.


VFD:

A VFD takes an output from Mach3 to control its speed. Initially, Mach3 supposes a 1:1 linearty of the result,
which is pretty close to most vfd's in reality, they have allot of electronics in them to do this on their own. BUT
if the output is not right or not linear as output , then the result is obviously goign to be off. So the
following steps will do it right, and Id be very interested in any posts of the results.


Step 1)
Delete the linearity.dat file in your mach3 installation. The system will recreate it on next startup with 1:1
as the table. Also set the config/pulleys to pulley number 1, with a max speed of 1000, and a min speed of 0.
This means the range of commandis now S0 to S1000. ( Doesnt matter what the real speed of your spindle is, use
these numbers to start with.

Step 2)
We now need to know the max speed of the VFD's input, this is the place most get it wrong. VFDs respond,
as do frequency/analogue convertors to only a specific range typically of input vs output. SO lets figure out the top
speed expectation of a VFD..

In config/motor tuning, set the spindle axis steps/unit to 60. This means the velocity slider will now display in hz..
What we need to find out here is both the max frequency of the spindle and the clip frequency of the VFD.
To do this we now set the velocity slider to max. Youll notice it now reads the kernal frequency your using. 25000
in 25Khz for example. Apply the settings and exit the dialog.

- Turn on the spindle and set a S1000 as the speed. Measure the true spindle speed.
- Set a Speed of S950.. then S900, then S850..etc until the spindle actually slows. What will
happen on many systems is you will still get maximum speed until you lower the speed to some number..say S750..
or it may happen that the speed instantly start to slow slightly at S950..
Whenever it occurs that the spindle starts to run slower, note the S speed just prior to the slowdown.

For example, at S1000 I get a true RPM of 3000. SO the following occurs as I do the series..

S1000 -- 3324RPM
S950 --- 3324 RPM
S900 -- 3324 RPM
S850 -- 3156 RPM

SO the magic number here is S900, the last value where the spindle was at max RPM.
This shows us that using 90% of the max frequency tells the VFD to go full out.

So in motor tuning, set the velocity slider down to 90% of the max setting or current setting in Hz. ( Speed / 10 in % ).

Step 3)

Command a S1000 again, the max speed should still result. ( For higher accuracy and linearity you can repeat step 2
and vary the velocity slider to the % of the current slider position if you wish, the more you do step 2, the less change you
shoudl have to make each time. For example if it was at 21600 at this point , another run through step 2 might make you change it
to 21250.. each time the change will be less and less. )
Note the current S1000 speed and enter it in the config/pulleys as the max speed, leave the min speed to 0.

Step 4)

Turn on the spindle and seta speed of S1 . Note the speed you get and eneter it in the config/pulleys as minimum speed
for that pulley.


OK, so now we have properly set the VFD clip frequency, and the pulley min and max values. They now take into accoutn the expectation
of the VFD, and the resultant speeds at low and high end to be expected. The linearity is now considered to be 1:1 for that VFD/freq->analogue conversion.



If you have done this, please post a report of the following run..

Take max speed and divide by 10. Say max speed in pulley max is 2500, so the increment will be 250. Post for me 10 speeds..

S1 actual RPM: ???
S250 ""
S500 ""
S750 ""
S1000 ""
..etc..

Using this proceedure takes allot fo the guesswork out of setting up a spindle, forces you to take into
account the VFD clipping limits, forces the setup to show you the outgoing frequency in hz of the output and should
show us a quantifiable spindle vs command relationship as a result.

Take note, this is for step output spindles, PWM is another matter, this will still work, but since the number of steps
in speed is dependent on the PWM settings, the end results may be off in a stepwie fashion if using PWM.

Non-linearity can coem from several directions, frequency->analogue conversion can be way off a linear scale,
most vfd's will be pretty close to linear if clipping is taken into accoutn as above. For my part Id appreciate any feedback
on the speed test results after a fresh setup of spindle speed using the above proceedure. Some may find their max speed
is now higher using this technique, others will find a much more linear resultant spindle speed, it shoudlnt negatively affect
anyone if done right.

Thanks, and good luck..
Art

815
General Mach Discussion / Re: Control input methods...
« on: August 15, 2015, 03:19:51 PM »
I run a mouseless system here. I use a Waterproof keyboard that has a jogstick for a mouse AND it has 24 Fkeys.  I paid $25 each for the keyboard.  

I set up HOTKEYS for the majority of the needed functions AS MACH3 is NOT  Tab key freindly, Actually it cannot tab as that was assigned to teh Jog flyout( bad choice)

You can also use a touchpad style keyboard that is like a laptop.  OR add a seperate touchpad(usb)

The problem with trackballs is due to vibration they tend to CREEP all over the screen. 

Yes you can load files directly from a USB stick I do it every day and NO it will not cause you problems.  

I also use a barcode scanner to scan in program names.  

(;-) TP

(;-) TP

816
General Mach Discussion / Re: Mach3 will not load file
« on: August 14, 2015, 10:20:04 PM »
Double check to make sure that the toolpath is NOT disabled

817
Show"N"Tell ( Your Machines) / Re: High voltage servo drives
« on: August 13, 2015, 07:08:19 PM »
You MAY be able to still use the power supply at 80 v  IF the transformer is dual wired for 240/480 volts. IF yo wire it for 480 and apply 240 you end up with 80v instead of 160v.

Even then the size drives you are needing to properly drive the motor you have are EXpensive . Might be cheaper in the long run to source out a used set of Haas drives or rebuilt exchange drives.

Just a thought, (;-) TP


818
General Mach Discussion / Re: Perfect Lathe threading
« on: August 13, 2015, 01:55:36 PM »
Mach3 can do gear hobbing as described in the Video and can do true Rigid tapping IF you have the hardware. Not just Z following the spindle down and back. True rigid tapping will have FULL control of Z depth not just a best guess.

Just a thought, (;-)

819
VB and the development of wizards / Re: OEM/User/otherwise knowledge
« on: August 12, 2015, 07:35:09 PM »
The look ahead is only for CV. But it does increase the depth of the que.  Don;t readd to much into any of this . IF you plann for the worst case senario and MOST do then most PCs will be able to run the code. But if you need to optimize the code for speed you have to pay close attention.  In a simple probe solution say a Center of Circle routine a couple of sec WAIT is not a big deal. BUT in a 3d Z probing routine repeating those 2-3 secs of wait can add HOURS to the completed routine.

(;-) TP

820
Show"N"Tell ( Your Machines) / Re: High voltage servo drives
« on: August 12, 2015, 10:00:50 AM »
HI DAS, is the Haas control you have DEAD ???  HV drives that will do S/D tend to be very expensive. Have you thought about using a S/D to analog converter board and USE your old drives. They are already matched to the power supplies.

(;-) TP

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